Bioconversions of ferulic acid, an hydroxycinnamic acid

Crit Rev Microbiol. 2006;32(3):115-25. doi: 10.1080/10408410600709628.


Ferulic acid is the most abundant hydroxycinnamic acid in the plant world and is ester linked to arabinose, in various plant polysaccharides such as arabinoxylans and pectins. It is a precursor to vanillin, one of the most important aromatic flavor compound used in foods, beverages, pharmaceuticals, and perfumes. This article presents an overview of the various biocatalytic routes, focusing on the relevant biotransformations of ferulic acid using plant sources, microorganisms, and enzymes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arabinose / metabolism
  • Bacteria / metabolism
  • Benzaldehydes / metabolism*
  • Biotechnology
  • Biotransformation
  • Carbohydrate Metabolism
  • Coumaric Acids / metabolism*
  • Esters / metabolism
  • Eukaryota / metabolism
  • Fungi / metabolism
  • Plant Cells


  • Benzaldehydes
  • Coumaric Acids
  • Esters
  • ferulic acid
  • Arabinose
  • vanillin