A review of 41 upper extremity war injuries and the protective gear worn during Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom

Mil Med. 2006 Jul;171(7):595-7. doi: 10.7205/milmed.171.7.595.


Forty-one patients with upper extremity war injuries sustained during combat operations Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom were reviewed to report on protective gear availability and usage at the time of injury. Participants treated at the Madigan Army Medical Center occupational therapy clinic from August 2004 until February 2005 completed a questionnaire regarding injuries sustained during deployment. Overall, 6 injuries were to upper extremity regions that were covered with issued protective gear; 21 injuries were to areas not covered with issued protective gear (i.e., participant was not wearing issued gear), and 22 injuries were to regions that were not covered because no protective gear was issued for that body area. Although this study is limited, future research would provide valuable insights about the efficacy of current body armor and the need for additional or modified gear.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Hospitals, Military
  • Humans
  • Iraq
  • Male
  • Military Personnel / statistics & numerical data*
  • Occupational Therapy Department, Hospital
  • Protective Clothing*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Upper Extremity / injuries*
  • Warfare*
  • Washington
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Wounds and Injuries / etiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / rehabilitation