SiC nanotubes: A novel material for hydrogen storage

Nano Lett. 2006 Aug;6(8):1581-3. doi: 10.1021/nl0603911.

Abstract

A multiscale theoretical approach is used for the investigation of hydrogen storage in silicon-carbon nanotubes (SiCNTs). First, ab initio calculations at the density functional level of theory (DFT) showed an increase of 20% in the binding energy of H2 in SiCNTs compared with pure carbon nanotubes (CNTs). This is explained by the alternative charges that exist in the SiCNT walls. Second, classical Monte Carlo simulation of nanotube bundles showed an even larger increase of the storage capacity in SiCNTs, especially in low temperature and high-pressure conditions. Our results verify in both theoretical levels that SiCNTs seem to be more suitable materials for hydrogen storage than pure CNTs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Carbon Compounds, Inorganic / chemistry*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Drug Storage / methods
  • Energy-Generating Resources
  • Hydrogen / chemistry*
  • Hydrogen / isolation & purification*
  • Models, Chemical*
  • Models, Molecular*
  • Models, Statistical
  • Monte Carlo Method
  • Nanotubes / chemistry*
  • Nanotubes / ultrastructure*
  • Particle Size
  • Silicon Compounds / chemistry*

Substances

  • Carbon Compounds, Inorganic
  • Silicon Compounds
  • Hydrogen
  • silicon carbide