Reoperation on a patient with an indwelling cochlear implant is uncommon. When necessary, surgery is performed for explantation of an existing device with immediate or delayed reimplantation, or for scalp flap revision and receiver-stimulator repositioning in the case of infection or device migration. Rarely, revision surgery is performed to reintroduce intracochlear electrodes that may have partly or entirely extruded from the cochlea or were placed inappropriately. Successful revision cochlear implant surgery requires attention to certain surgical principles. Good outcomes, asa measured by speech perception tests, are common, but are not guaranteed. This article outlines the indications for revision cochlear implant surgery, the recommended surgical principles, and published outcomes from reimplantation.