We present the frequency distributions of Y-haplotypes determined by ten Y-chromosomal STR polymorphisms (i.e., DXYS156-Y, DYS19, DYS385, DYS389 I and II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393) in unrelated males from the Eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey (104 Turkish and Arabian-speaking Eti Turks from Adana area, 111 Roma and 110 Turks, Kahramanmara degrees area). The haplotype diversity was 0.974 in the Eti Turks, 0.979 in the Roma, and 0.989 in the Turks. Two variant alleles were characterized by sequencing, i.e., allele 9.2 at DXYS156 and 12.2 at DYS385. Some of the haplotypes are particular to one of the three populations; some are shared by all three populations. A search against the Y-Haplotype Reference Database revealed several matches to samples not only from Turkey and neighboring regions (e.g., Syria, Iraq) but also from all over Europe.