Tetralogy of Fallot

Pediatr Clin North Am. 1990 Feb;37(1):179-92. doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(16)36839-0.


Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common malformation of children born with cyanotic heart disease, with an incidence of approximately 10 per cent of congenital heart disease. There can be a wide spectrum as to the severity of the anatomic defects, which include ventricular septal defect, aortic override, right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and right ventricular hypertrophy. Cyanosis may vary from mild to severe, and patients may present as newborns or, more commonly, young infants. Infants with classic tetralogy of Fallot and stable anatomy should undergo primary complete intracardiac repair. The overall hospital mortality is approximately 3 to 5 per cent, with most patients who survive having an excellent clinical and hemodynamic result.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Catheterization
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Cyanosis / etiology
  • Echocardiography
  • Electrocardiography
  • Heart Murmurs
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Palliative Care
  • Postoperative Complications / mortality
  • Postoperative Period
  • Radiography, Thoracic
  • Reoperation
  • Tetralogy of Fallot* / diagnosis
  • Tetralogy of Fallot* / pathology
  • Tetralogy of Fallot* / surgery