Smoking patterns and predictors of smoking cessation in elderly populations in Lebanon

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Aug;10(8):917-23.


Objective: To investigate smoking patterns in an elderly, low-income population and to identify predictors of smoking cessation, in addition to analyzing the importance of smoking in relation to other risk factors for hospitalization.

Design: The data were part of an urban health study conducted among 740 individuals aged > or = 60 years in three suburban communities of low socio-economic status in Beirut, one of them a refugee camp. A detailed interview schedule was administered that included comprehensive social and health information.

Results: The overall prevalence of current smokers was 28.1%. Almost half of the group were ever smokers, of whom 44% had quit smoking when they experienced negative health effects. Having at least one chronic illness and having a functional disability significantly increased the odds of smoking cessation. In addition, being a former smoker increased the likelihood of hospital admission.

Conclusions: This study is of particular importance, as it has implications for similar low-income and refugee communities in the region and elsewhere. There is a need for more concerted efforts by public health officials to target elderly individuals as a group for smoking cessation interventions, particularly now that mortality and health benefits have been well documented.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lebanon / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Admission
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Smoking / therapy*
  • Smoking Cessation* / statistics & numerical data
  • Social Class
  • Urban Population / statistics & numerical data