Unusual N-glycan structures in alpha-mannosidase II/IIx double null embryos identified by a systematic glycomics approach based on two-dimensional LC mapping and matrix-dependent selective fragmentation method in MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry

Mol Cell Proteomics. 2006 Nov;5(11):2146-57. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M600213-MCP200. Epub 2006 Aug 9.


alpha-Mannosidase IIx (MX) is an enzyme closely related to alpha-mannosidase II (MII), a key enzyme in N-glycan biosynthesis that catalyzes the first step in conversion of hybrid- to complex-type N-glycans in Golgi apparatus. Recently we generated MII/MX double knock-out mice and found that double nulls completely lack the complex-type N-glycans (Akama, T. O., Nakagawa, H., Wong, N. K., Sutton-Smith, M., Dell, A., Morris, H. R., Nakayama, J., Nishimura, S.-I., Pai, A., Moremen, K. W., Marth, J. D., and Fukuda, M. N. (2006) Essential and mutually compensatory roles of alpha-mannosidase II and alpha-mannosidase IIx in N-glycan processing in vivo in mice. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 103, 8983-8988). In the present study, we determined minor but unusual N-glycan structures found in MII/MX double knock-out mice. We identified such N-glycans by a systematic glycomics approach applying a two-dimensional LC mapping database and matrix-dependent selective fragmentation technique in MALDI-TOF/TOF MS, a highly sensitive and reliable technique that provides specific fragmentations enabling the determination of precise oligosaccharide structures including regioisomers (Kurogochi, M., and Nishimura, S.-I. (2004) Structural characterization of N-glycopeptides by matrix-dependent selective fragmentation of MALDI-TOF/TOF tandem mass spectrometry. Anal. Chem. 76, 6097-6101). Quantitative profiling of all N-glycan structures including minor components from MII/MX nulls, MII nulls, MX nulls, and wild-type mice at embryonic day 15.5 yielded a total of 37 species when structural heterogeneity was reduced by the removal of the sialic acids. Among six unusual N-glycan structures, two glycoforms were novel and were found only in MII/MX double nulls. We characterize such structure as pseudocomplex-type N-glycans. The present study demonstrated that use of the versatile matrix-dependent selective fragmentation method in MALDI-TOF/TOF MS greatly accelerates detailed structural analysis of a trace amount of N-glycans.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carbohydrate Conformation
  • Carbohydrate Sequence
  • Chromatography, Liquid / methods*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polysaccharides / chemistry*
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization / methods*
  • alpha-Mannosidase / genetics*


  • Polysaccharides
  • alpha-Mannosidase