Corneal structure and biomechanics: impact on the diagnosis and management of glaucoma

Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2006 Aug;17(4):338-43. doi: 10.1097/


Purpose of review: Highlights recent studies relating to the impact of corneal structure and biomechanical properties on glaucoma evaluation and management.

Recent findings: Central corneal thickness has been shown to play a role in the interpretation of intraocular pressure. Central corneal thickness has also been suggested as a glaucoma risk factor. The potential role of other corneal factors, such as stromal makeup, in the accurate measurement of intraocular pressure and the assessment of glaucoma risk remains to be determined.

Summary: Improved understanding of central corneal thickness and corneal biomechanical properties may someday lead to a better understanding of glaucoma risk and its assessment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cornea / pathology*
  • Cornea / physiopathology*
  • Disease Progression
  • Elasticity
  • Glaucoma / diagnosis*
  • Glaucoma / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure / physiology
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Factors
  • Tonometry, Ocular