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Primary Health Care in the Czech Republic: Brief History and Current Issues

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Primary Health Care in the Czech Republic: Brief History and Current Issues

J Holcik et al. Int J Integr Care.

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to describe the recent history, current situation and perspectives for further development of the integrated system of primary care in the Czech Republic. The role of primary care in the whole health care system is discussed and new initiatives aimed at strengthening and integrating primary care are outlined. Changes brought about by the recent reform processes are generally seen as favourable, however, a lack of integration of health services under the current system is causing various kinds of problems. A new strategy for development of primary care in the Czech Republic encourages integration of care and defines primary care as co-ordinated and complex care provided at the level of the first contact of an individual with the health care system.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Number of persons older than 14 years per 1 GP for adults in districts of the Czech Republic in 1980, 1990, 1995, and 1998. (Source: DPS-99 UZIS CR).
Figure 2
Figure 2
Indicators of hospital care in the Czech Republic, Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the European Union (EU). Source: WHO HFA.
Figure 3
Figure 3
Number of physicians and general practitioners per 100,000 population in the Czech Republic, Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the European Union (EU). Source: WHO HFA.

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