Objective: To evaluate hysteroscopic metroplasty and its effect on reproductive outcome.
Study design: Seventy-five patients consulted for uterine septum between January 1996 to December 2000 at "La Sapienza" University in Rome were included in the study.
Results: Forty patients attempted pregnancy and a total of 30 spontaneous pregnancies resulted (75% pregnancy rate). The uterine cavity was normal at hysteroscopic follow-up in 68% of cases.
Conclusion: Correction of uterine septum improves pregnancy outcome of patients. Broadening the indications for hysteroscopic metroplasty should be encouraged for patients who desire to conceive.