A real-time alignment and reconstruction scheme for electron microscopic tomography (EMT) has been developed and integrated within our UCSF tomography data collection software. This newly integrated software suite provides full automation from data collection to real-time reconstruction by which the three-dimensional (3D) reconstructed volume is immediately made available at the end of each data collection. Real-time reconstruction is achieved by calculating a weighted back-projection on a small Linux cluster (five dual-processor compute nodes) concurrently with the UCSF tomography data collection running on the microscope's computer, and using the fiducial-marker free alignment data generated during the data collection process. The real-time reconstructed 3D volume provides users with immediate feedback to fully asses all aspects of the experiment ranging from sample choice, ice thickness, experimental parameters to the quality of specimen preparation. This information can be used to guide subsequent data collections. Access to the reconstruction is especially useful in low-dose cryo EMT where such information is very difficult to obtain due to extraordinary low signal to noise ratio in each 2D image. In our environment, we generally collect 2048 x 2048 pixel images which are subsequently computationally binned four-fold for the on-line reconstruction. Based upon experiments performed with thick and cryo specimens at various CCD magnifications (50000x-80000x), alignment accuracy is sufficient to support this reduced resolution but should be refined before calculating a full resolution reconstruction. The reduced resolution has proven to be quite adequate to assess sample quality, or to screen for the best data set for full-resolution reconstruction, significantly improving both productivity and efficiency of system resources. The total time from start of data collection to a final reconstructed volume (512 x 512 x 256 pixels) is about 50 min for a +/-70 degrees 2k x 2k pixel tilt series acquired at every 1 degrees.