Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic performances of the pheochromocytoma of the adrenal gland scaled score (PASS) proposed in a previous report and that of a logistic model developed in this investigation.
Methods: In all 130 patients with malignant or assumed benign pheochromocytomas, 15 predictive variables were observed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of PASS. The logistic model was developed using the 15 predictive variables. Its performance was evaluated by calculating the area under the ROC curve and comparing it with that of the PASS.
Results: The PASS had the area under the ROC curve of 0.899 (95% confidence interval 0.844 to 0.954). Of the 15 variables entered in the logistic regression analysis, 9 were retained in the model. The area under the ROC curve for the logistic model was 0.983 (95% confidence interval 0.967 to 0.998).
Conclusions: ROC analysis indicated that the PASS could be used for the diagnosis of malignant pheochromocytomas. The logistic model was able to improve the diagnostic performance of the PASS using a different variable weighting method. We emphasize, however, that a clinical prospective evaluation is needed to confirm their actual value.