New treatment approaches in metastatic renal cell carcinoma

Curr Opin Urol. 2006 Sep;16(5):337-41. doi: 10.1097/01.mou.0000240305.78205.77.


Purpose of review: Recent developments in the understanding of the molecular biology of renal cell carcinoma have led to the development of several biologic agents with different mechanisms of action. In 2005, promising results have been observed especially in second-line therapy following cytokine failures and in 2006 more mature data with regard to time to progression and overall survival should be available. This review, analyzing basic translational research principles, will summarize the available evidence with a glimpse of the future therapeutic approaches in renal cell carcinoma.

Recent findings: Vascular endothelial growth factor- and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-inhibiting drugs (SU11248, Bay 43-9006, Bevacizumab, AG-013736, etc.) report time to progression ranging between 4 and 9 months and variable benefits in overall survival. Confirmatory studies are ongoing regarding other novel treatments (CCI-779, Infliximab, PTK-787).

Summary: In renal cell carcinoma, there is a strong rationale for targeting multiple pathways and particularly angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor- and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-inhibiting drugs have been rapidly approved in the second-line setting and will soon be used as first-line therapy. In the next years, translational/clinical research will provide evidence for combination strategies to improve upon the results of the biologic agents and hopefully offer more hope to patients with renal cell carcinoma.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Axitinib
  • Benzenesulfonates / therapeutic use
  • Bevacizumab
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / drug therapy*
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology
  • Erlotinib Hydrochloride
  • Humans
  • Imidazoles / therapeutic use
  • Indazoles / therapeutic use
  • Indoles / therapeutic use
  • Kidney Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Niacinamide / analogs & derivatives
  • Phenylurea Compounds
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Pyridines / therapeutic use
  • Pyrimidines / therapeutic use
  • Pyrroles / therapeutic use
  • Quinazolines / therapeutic use
  • Sirolimus / analogs & derivatives
  • Sirolimus / therapeutic use
  • Sorafenib
  • Sulfonamides / therapeutic use
  • Sunitinib


  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Benzenesulfonates
  • Imidazoles
  • Indazoles
  • Indoles
  • Phenylurea Compounds
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Pyridines
  • Pyrimidines
  • Pyrroles
  • Quinazolines
  • Sulfonamides
  • Niacinamide
  • Bevacizumab
  • temsirolimus
  • pazopanib
  • Sorafenib
  • Axitinib
  • Erlotinib Hydrochloride
  • Sunitinib
  • Sirolimus