The tumour suppressor Hippo acts with the NDR kinases in dendritic tiling and maintenance

Nature. 2006 Sep 14;443(7108):210-3. doi: 10.1038/nature05090. Epub 2006 Aug 13.

Abstract

Precise patterning of dendritic fields is essential for neuronal circuit formation and function, but how neurons establish and maintain their dendritic fields during development is poorly understood. In Drosophila class IV dendritic arborization neurons, dendritic tiling, which allows for the complete but non-overlapping coverage of the dendritic fields, is established through a 'like-repels-like' behaviour of dendrites mediated by Tricornered (Trc), one of two NDR (nuclear Dbf2-related) family kinases in Drosophila. Here we report that the other NDR family kinase, the tumour suppressor Warts/Lats (Wts), regulates the maintenance of dendrites; in wts mutants, dendrites initially tile the body wall normally, but progressively lose branches at later larval stages, whereas the axon shows no obvious defects. We further provide biochemical and genetic evidence for the tumour suppressor kinase Hippo (Hpo) as an upstream regulator of Wts and Trc for dendrite maintenance and tiling, respectively, thereby revealing important functions of tumour suppressor genes of the Hpo signalling pathway in dendrite morphogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Count
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism
  • Cell Shape
  • Dendrites / enzymology*
  • Dendrites / physiology*
  • Drosophila Proteins / chemistry
  • Drosophila Proteins / genetics
  • Drosophila Proteins / metabolism*
  • Drosophila melanogaster / cytology
  • Drosophila melanogaster / enzymology
  • Drosophila melanogaster / genetics
  • Drosophila melanogaster / metabolism
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Larva / cytology
  • Larva / growth & development
  • Larva / metabolism
  • Morphogenesis
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Phosphorylation
  • Phosphothreonine / metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Kinases / genetics
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / chemistry
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Threonine / metabolism
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism*

Substances

  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • sav protein, Drosophila
  • Phosphothreonine
  • Threonine
  • Protein Kinases
  • trc protein, Drosophila
  • wts protein, Drosophila
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • hpo protein, Drosophila