Background: The current risk stratification systems in upper gastrointestinal bleeding do not correct for the intake of low-dose aspirin and other antithrombotic drugs.
Aim: To test the Blatchford scores in evaluating the clinical outcome in bleeders using these drugs.
Methods: We calculated the Blatchford scores in 510 bleeders, including 123 on low-dose aspirin, 44 on other antithrombotic drugs, and 68 on non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Results: The median clinical scores distributed according to aetiological risk factors were as follows: no risk factors, 5; non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, 8; aspirin, 7; other antithrombotics, 6; excess alcohol, 4; multiple risk factors, 7; (P = 0.003, Kruskal-Wallis test). Scores correlated positively with the duration of admission in the entire group (r(s) = 0.285; P < 0.001) and in those taking aspirin and antithrombotics (r(s) = 0.211; P = 0.029). The median scores in patients requiring the blood transfusion were 10 in the entire group and 11 in users of aspirin or antithrombotics, compared with 3 and 4, respectively, in those not transfused (P < 0.001).
Conclusions: The Blatchford scores are significantly elevated in users of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, low-dose aspirin, and other antithrombotic drugs. They correlate positively with the duration of admission and the need for blood transfusion.