Evolution of linkage disequilibrium of the founders in exponentially growing populations

Theor Popul Biol. 2007 Feb;71(1):95-108. doi: 10.1016/j.tpb.2006.07.003. Epub 2006 Jul 11.

Abstract

Evolution of linkage disequilibrium of the founders in exponentially growing populations was studied using a time-inhomogeneous Itô process model. The model is an extension of the diffusion approximation of the Wright-Fisher model. As a measure of linkage disequilibrium, the squared standard linkage deviation, which is defined by a ratio of the moments, was considered. A system of ordinary differential equations that these moments obey was obtained. This system can be solved numerically. By simulations, it was shown that the squared standard linkage deviation gives a good approximation of the expectation of the squared correlation coefficient of gamete frequencies. In addition, a perturbative solution was obtained when the growth rate is not large. By using the perturbation, an asymptotic formula for the squared standard linkage deviation after a large number of generations was obtained. According to the formula, the squared standard linkage deviation tends to be 1/(4Nc), where N is the current size of the population and c is the recombination fraction between two loci. It is dependent on neither the initial effective size, the growth rate, nor the mutation rate. In exponentially growing populations, linkage disequilibrium will be asymptotically the same as that in a constant size population, the effective size of which is the current effective size.

MeSH terms

  • Genetics, Population*
  • Linkage Disequilibrium / genetics*
  • Models, Genetic*
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Population Growth