Clinical application of transcranial Doppler monitoring for embolic signals

J Clin Neurosci. 2006 Oct;13(8):799-810. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2005.12.026. Epub 2006 Sep 5.


A major advantage of transcranial ultrasound is its suitability for continuous monitoring. Microembolic signals (MES) are brief, high-intensity transients that occur when particulate microemboli or gaseous microbubbles pass through the ultrasound beam. These MES have been detected in several clinical scenarios, but rarely in age-matched controls. The detection of MES provides important pathophysiological information in a variety of disorders, but their clinical importance and possible therapeutic implications are still under debate. The present article summarizes the significance of MES in different clinical settings and outlines some of the problems to be resolved so that transcranial ultrasound can be applied in clinical practice.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Atherosclerosis / diagnosis
  • Brain Diseases / diagnosis
  • Carotid Artery Diseases / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Embolism / diagnosis*
  • Monitoring, Physiologic
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial*