FXR, a multipurpose nuclear receptor

Trends Biochem Sci. 2006 Oct;31(10):572-80. doi: 10.1016/j.tibs.2006.08.002. Epub 2006 Aug 14.


The farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor and a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily. In the past six years, remarkable inroads have been made into determining the functional importance of FXR. This receptor has been shown to have crucial roles in controlling bile acid homeostasis, lipoprotein and glucose metabolism, hepatic regeneration, intestinal bacterial growth and the response to hepatotoxins. Thus, the development of FXR agonists might prove useful for the treatment of diabetes, cholesterol gallstones, and hepatic and intestinal toxicity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bile Acids and Salts / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Lipid Metabolism / physiology
  • Liver / cytology
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Models, Biological
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Protein Isoforms / physiology
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / genetics
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / physiology*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / physiology*


  • Bile Acids and Salts
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Protein Isoforms
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • Transcription Factors
  • farnesoid X-activated receptor