Disease prevalence among dogs and cats in the United States and Australia and proportions of dogs and cats that receive therapeutic diets or dietary supplements

J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2006 Aug 15;229(4):531-4. doi: 10.2460/javma.229.4.531.

Abstract

Objective: To estimate disease prevalence among dogs and cats in the United States and Australia and proportions of dogs and cats that receive therapeutic diets or dietary supplements.

Design: Telephone survey. Sample Population-Dog and cat owners located in 5 geographic areas.

Procedures: A telephone survey was administered to dog and cat owners.

Results: Of 18,194 telephone calls that were made, 1,104 (6%) were to individuals who owned at least 1 dog or cat and agreed to participate. Information was collected for 635 dogs and 469 cats. Only 14 (1%) respondents indicated that their pet was unhealthy, but 176 (16%) indicated that their pets had 1 or more diseases. The most common diseases were musculo-skeletal, dental, and gastrointestinal tract or hepatic disease. Many owners (n = 356) reported their pets were overweight or obese, but only 3 reported obesity as a health problem in their pets. Owners of 28 (2.5%) animals reported that they were feeding a therapeutic diet, with the most common being diets for animals with renal disease (n = 5), reduced-calorie diets (5), and reduced-fat diets (4). Owners of 107 of 1,076 (9.9%) animals reported administering dietary supplements to their pets. Multivitamins (n = 53 animals), chondroprotective agents (22), and fatty acids (13) were the most common dietary supplements used.

Conclusions and clinical relevance: Results suggest that most dogs and cats reported by their owners to have a health problem were not being fed a therapeutic diet. In addition, the rate of dietary supplement use was lower than that reported for people.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animal Feed
  • Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
  • Animals
  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Cat Diseases / diet therapy*
  • Cat Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Cat Diseases / prevention & control
  • Cats
  • Dietary Supplements / statistics & numerical data*
  • Dog Diseases / diet therapy*
  • Dog Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Dog Diseases / prevention & control
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Kidney Diseases / diet therapy
  • Kidney Diseases / epidemiology
  • Kidney Diseases / prevention & control
  • Kidney Diseases / veterinary
  • Male
  • Obesity / diet therapy
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Obesity / prevention & control
  • Obesity / veterinary
  • Prevalence
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Vitamins / administration & dosage
  • Vitamins / therapeutic use

Substances

  • Vitamins