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Comparative Study
, 209 (Pt 17), 3293-300

Selection for Desiccation Resistance in Adult Drosophila Melanogaster Affects Larval Development and Metabolite Accumulation

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Comparative Study

Selection for Desiccation Resistance in Adult Drosophila Melanogaster Affects Larval Development and Metabolite Accumulation

Eran Gefen et al. J Exp Biol.

Abstract

We studied larval development and acquisition of metabolic resources in Drosophila melanogaster selected for adult desiccation resistance. Desiccation-selected (D) flies had longer developmental times in comparison with control populations, resulting in significantly higher body mass. No differences were found in larval growth rates, suggesting that increased body mass results from the extended larval feeding period. Larvae from both D and control lines molted from second to third instar 81-84 h after egg laying, whereas D larvae pupated 5-6 h later than controls. This indicates that selecting adults for desiccation resistance results in longer third larval instar. Newly eclosed D flies had higher carbohydrate and water contents in comparison with control populations. No differences were found in body mass, water or metabolite contents of newly eclosed selected and control flies after larvae were prevented from further feeding from 96 h after egg laying onwards. This shows that differences in accumulated carbohydrate and water stores are a result of evolved differences in the duration of third larval instar. The contribution of third instar feeding to desiccation resistance of adult selected flies is higher than that of controls. Thus, selection for adult stress resistance has resulted in correlated changes in larval physiology.

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