Senescence and serration: a new twist to an old tale

J Pathol. 2006 Oct;210(2):137-40. doi: 10.1002/path.2047.


Interest in the role of oncogene-induced senescence in tumorigenesis is mounting. Raf-associated senescence in cutaneous nevi has been advanced as an example of this process occurring in the context of a human tumour. In this model, conversion from a senescent nevus to a malignant melanoma is accompanied by loss of expression of p16. Serrated polyps of the colorectum may provide a further example of oncogene-induced senescence. BRAF and KRAS mutation may initiate different pathways of senescence-associated serrated neoplasia in the colorectum, the former linked to CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP)-high (CIMP1) and microsatellite instability (MSI)-high status and the latter with CIMP-low (CIMP2) and MSI-low status. The role of methylation in both Raf- and Ras-associated pathways is to drive tumorigenesis by silencing pro-apoptotic and cell cycle inhibitory genes. Both pathways are associated with mutation of Ras-induced senescence 1 (RIS1), but the biological role of RIS1 requires further elucidation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics*
  • Cellular Senescence / genetics*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics
  • Genes, cdc
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Polyps / genetics*
  • Mutation
  • Oncogenes / genetics