The Matrix Reorganized: Extracellular Matrix Remodeling and Integrin Signaling

Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2006 Oct;18(5):463-71. doi: 10.1016/j.ceb.2006.08.009. Epub 2006 Aug 17.

Abstract

Via integrins, cells can sense dimensionality and other physical and biochemical properties of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Cells respond differently to two-dimensional substrates and three-dimensional environments, activating distinct signaling pathways for each. Direct integrin signaling and indirect integrin modulation of growth factor and other intracellular signaling pathways regulate ECM remodeling and control subsequent cell behavior and tissue organization. ECM remodeling is critical for many developmental processes, and remodeled ECM contributes to tumorigenesis. These recent advances in the field provide new insights and raise new questions about the mechanisms of ECM synthesis and proteolytic degradation, as well as the roles of integrins and tension in ECM remodeling.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Basement Membrane / metabolism
  • Collagen / metabolism
  • Cytoskeleton / metabolism
  • Epithelium / anatomy & histology
  • Epithelium / physiology
  • Extracellular Matrix / metabolism*
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism
  • Fibronectins / metabolism
  • Integrins / metabolism*
  • Morphogenesis
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Signal Transduction / physiology
  • Skin Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Skin Neoplasms / pathology

Substances

  • Fibronectins
  • Integrins
  • Collagen