The fringe molecules induce endocrine differentiation in embryonic endoderm by activating cMyt1/cMyt3

Dev Biol. 2006 Sep 15;297(2):340-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2006.04.456. Epub 2006 Apr 27.


Endocrine differentiation in the early embryonic pancreas is regulated by Notch signaling. Activated Notch signaling maintains pancreatic progenitor cells in an undifferentiated state, whereas suppression of Notch leads to endocrine cell differentiation. Yet it is not known what mechanism is employed to inactivate Notch in a correct number of precursor cells to balance progenitor proliferation and differentiation. We report that an established Notch modifier, Manic Fringe (Mfng), is expressed in the putative endocrine progenitors, but not in exocrine pancreatic tissues, during early islet differentiation. Using chicken embryonic endoderm as an assaying system, we found that ectopic Mfng expression is sufficient to induce endodermal cells to differentiate towards an endocrine fate. This endocrine-inducing activity depends on inactivation of Notch. Furthermore, ectopic Mfng expression induces the expression of basic helix-loop-helix gene, Ngn3, and two zinc finger genes, cMyt1 and cMyt3. These results suggest that Mfng-mediated repression of Notch signaling could serve as a trigger for endocrine islet differentiation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Chick Embryo
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Endocrine System / embryology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Glucosyltransferases
  • Islets of Langerhans / cytology
  • Mice
  • Models, Biological
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism
  • Pancreas / embryology
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • Receptors, Notch / metabolism
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism


  • Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Myt1 protein, mouse
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Neurog3 protein, mouse
  • Proteins
  • Receptors, Notch
  • Transcription Factors
  • Glucosyltransferases
  • Mfng protein, mouse