Sperm DNA integrity assessment in prediction of assisted reproduction technology outcome

Hum Reprod. 2007 Jan;22(1):174-9. doi: 10.1093/humrep/del326. Epub 2006 Aug 18.


Background: The sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) has been suggested as a predictor of fertility in vivo as well as in vitro. The available data however, have been based on limited numbers of treatments. We aimed to define the clinical role of SCSA in assisted reproduction.

Methods: A total of 998 cycles [387 intrauterine insemination (IUI), 388 IVF and 223 ICSI] from 637 couples were included. SCSA results were expressed as DNA fragmentation index (DFI) and high DNA stainable (HDS) cell fractions. Outcome parameters were biochemical pregnancy (BP), clinical pregnancy (CP) and delivery (D).

Results: For IUI, the odds ratios (ORs) for BP, CP and D were significantly lower for couples with DFI >30% as compared with those with DFI < or =30%. No statistical difference between the outcomes of ICSI versus IVF in the group with DFI < or =30% was seen. In the DFI >30% group, the results of ICSI were significantly better than those of IVF.

Conclusions: DFI can be used as an independent predictor of fertility in couples undergoing IUI. As a result, we propose that all infertile men should be tested with SCSA as a supplement to the standard semen analysis. When DFI exceeds 30%, ICSI should be the method of choice.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cohort Studies
  • DNA Fragmentation*
  • Female
  • Fertilization in Vitro
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Reproductive Techniques, Assisted*
  • Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
  • Spermatozoa / metabolism*