Assessment of memory and new learning ability following stereotaxy-guided transcortical resection of anterior third ventricular colloid cysts

Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2006;84(5-6):205-11. doi: 10.1159/000095166. Epub 2006 Aug 18.


In a prospective study, memory and new learning ability functions were assessed pre-operatively (17 patients) and in the early post-operative period (22 patients) at 7-26 days following surgery in patients undergoing stereotactic transcortical excision of their colloid cysts. Pre-operative assessment detected impaired memory in 5 patients, 2 of whom had no memory-related complaints. Impaired new learning ability was detected pre-operatively in 7 patients. There was a statistically non-significant trend towards improvement in the dysfunction scores post-operatively in most patients. No correlation was detected between the cyst size, presence of raised intracranial pressure at presentation, hydrocephalus and the pre-operative dysfunction scores. Stereotactic transcortical resection of colloid cysts does not impair these functions in the majority of patients and might improve these functions in some. In the absence of clinical or radiological predictors of dysfunction of memory and new learning ability, pre-operative neuropsychological assessment has a role in detecting impaired memory and new learning ability in patients with anterior third ventricular colloid cysts who may not even complain of them.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Arachnoid Cysts / psychology*
  • Arachnoid Cysts / surgery*
  • Attention
  • Cerebral Ventricles / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Learning*
  • Male
  • Memory*
  • Memory, Short-Term
  • Postoperative Period
  • Stereotaxic Techniques