Antidepressants and youth suicide in New York City, 1999-2002

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2006 Sep;45(9):1054-8. doi: 10.1097/01.chi.0000227875.12286.a2.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the proportion of youth suicides in New York City from 1999 to 2002 in which antidepressants were detected at autopsy.

Method: This is a medical examiner surveillance study of suicides in New York City among those younger than 18 years of age. The outcome measure is serum toxicology for antidepressants.

Results: From 1999 through 2002, there were 41 individuals younger than 18 years of age among residents of New York City who committed suicide. Thirty-six (87.8%) had a serum toxicological analysis and an injury death interval of 3 days or less. There was one (2.8%) suicide in which both bupropion and sertraline were detected at the time of autopsy. Antidepressants were not detected in any of the other youth suicides.

Conclusions: The detection of antidepressants at autopsy was quite rare in youth suicides in New York City from 1999 to 2002.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Antidepressive Agents / adverse effects*
  • Antidepressive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Depressive Disorder / drug therapy*
  • Drug Therapy / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • New York City / epidemiology
  • Suicide / statistics & numerical data*

Substances

  • Antidepressive Agents