Normative multifrequency tympanometry in infants and toddlers

J Am Acad Audiol. 2006 Jul-Aug;17(7):470-80. doi: 10.3766/jaaa.17.7.2.


Multifrequency tympanometry data were measured multiple times between the ages of four weeks and two years from 33 infants/toddlers. Tympanograms were also measured from 33 adult participants. Tympanograms recorded with five probe-tone frequencies (226, 400, 630, 800, and 1000 Hz) were classified using the Vanhuyse et al model classification system (Vanhuyse et al, 1975). Admittance at +200 daPa (Y200) and middle ear admittance (Y(ME)) were calculated. The proportion of Vanhuyse et al patterns in infants and toddlers was different than in adults, especially for younger ages. Y(ME) and Y200 both increased with age. Y(ME) and Y200 data for all infant/toddler groups were significantly lower than adult values at all of the tested probe-tone frequencies. These data can be used as a guide in the clinic to assess normal tympanometric values for infants and toddlers.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Acoustic Impedance Tests / instrumentation*
  • Acoustic Stimulation / methods*
  • Adult
  • Ear, Middle / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Otitis Media / diagnosis