Localizing forms of nystagmus: symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2006 Sep;6(5):414-20. doi: 10.1007/s11910-996-0022-y.


Nystagmus is a rhythmic oscillation of the eyes that may be acquired or congenital. The symptoms of acquired nystagmus include blurred vision and oscillopsia. Most patients with congenital nystagmus do not have oscillopsia symptoms. Several forms of nystagmus have localizing value and any neuroimaging should be directed to the topographic localization suggested by the morphology of the nystagmus and any accompanying localizing signs. Several optical, medical, and surgical treatments have been used with some success in specific forms of nystagmus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Electronystagmography / methods
  • Eye Diseases*
  • Eye Movements / physiology
  • Humans
  • Nystagmus, Pathologic / diagnosis
  • Nystagmus, Pathologic / physiopathology*
  • Nystagmus, Pathologic / therapy
  • Vertigo / physiopathology