Testosterone patch for the treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder in naturally menopausal women: results from the INTIMATE NM1 Study

Menopause. Sep-Oct 2006;13(5):770-9. doi: 10.1097/01.gme.0000243567.32828.99.


Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a testosterone patch for the treatment of women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder after natural menopause.

Design: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial was conducted in naturally menopausal women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder receiving a stable dose of oral estrogen with or without progestin (N = 549). Women were randomized to receive testosterone 300 microg/day or placebo patches twice weekly for 24 weeks. The primary efficacy measure was change from baseline in frequency of total satisfying sexual activity over a 4-week period (weeks 21-24).

Results: A total of 483 women (88%) were included in the primary analysis population (those with baseline sex hormone binding globulin levels < or = 160 nmol/L). The change from baseline in number of total satisfying sexual episodes was significantly greater for testosterone compared with placebo (participants with baseline sex hormone binding globulin levels < or = 160 nmol/L, mean change of 2.1 +/- 0.28 versus 0.5 +/- 0.23 episodes/4 weeks; P < 0.0001; intent-to-treat population, mean change from baseline of 1.9 +/- 0.26 versus 0.5 +/- 0.21 episodes/4 weeks, P < 0.0001). Testosterone also produced statistically significant improvements compared with placebo in all secondary efficacy measures, including sexual desire and personal distress. The testosterone patch was well tolerated.

Conclusions: Testosterone patch treatment increased the frequency of satisfying sexual activity and sexual desire, decreased personal distress, and was well tolerated in naturally menopausal women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Cutaneous
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Androgens / administration & dosage
  • Androgens / blood
  • Androgens / therapeutic use*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Menopause* / physiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Sexual Behavior / drug effects
  • Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological / drug therapy*
  • Testosterone / administration & dosage
  • Testosterone / blood
  • Testosterone / therapeutic use*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Androgens
  • Testosterone