Recombination between satellite RNAs of turnip crinkle virus

EMBO J. 1990 Jun;9(6):1709-15. doi: 10.1002/j.1460-2075.1990.tb08294.x.


Turnip crinkle virus (TCV) is associated with satellite (sat) RNAs (sat-RNA D, sat-RNA F), defective interfering (DI) RNAs (DI RNA G, DI1 RNA), and one RNA with properties of both sat-RNAs and DI RNAs (sat-RNA C). When plants were inoculated with TCV, sat-RNA D and in vitro sat-RNA C transcripts containing non-viable mutations in the 5' domain, recombinant sat-RNAs were recovered. These recombinants were composed of sat-RNA D at the 5' end and sat-RNA C sequences at the 3' end. Analysis of 20 independent recombination junctions revealed that unequal crossing-over had occurred in planta in a region of sequence similarity between the two sat-RNAs which resulted in the duplication of 3-16 nucleotides. Thirty percent of the sat-RNA recombinants also had one to three additional nucleotides inserted at the crossover junctions which did not correspond to either sat-RNA C or sat-RNA D sequence. The right side of the recombination junctions always began with one of three consecutive nucleotides of sat-RNA C. Based on the similarity between this sequence of sat-RNA C, the right side junction of DI RNA G and the 5' end of TCV, as well as the sequence similarity between right side junctions of DI1 RNA and sat-RNA C and the 5' end of the sat-RNAs, a replicase-driven copy choice mechanism is proposed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Chimera
  • Models, Genetic
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Plant Viruses / genetics*
  • Plants / genetics
  • Plants / microbiology
  • RNA / genetics*
  • RNA, Satellite
  • Recombination, Genetic*


  • RNA, Satellite
  • RNA