Hereditary ataxia SCAN1 cells are defective for the repair of transcription-dependent topoisomerase I cleavage complexes

DNA Repair (Amst). 2006 Dec 9;5(12):1489-94. doi: 10.1016/j.dnarep.2006.07.004. Epub 2006 Aug 28.


Hereditary spinocerebellar ataxia with axonal neuropathy (SCAN1) is caused by an inactivating mutation (H493R) in the enzyme tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase (Tdp1), which removes blocked 3'-termini at DNA strand breaks. Using SCAN1 cells treated with the specific topoisomerase I (Top1) inhibitor camptothecin, we find enhanced levels of Top1 cleavage complexes (Top1cc) and defective reversal of Top1cc in SCAN1 Tdp1-deficient cells, indicating a direct involvement of Tdp1 in the repair of Top1cc. Because the defective removal of Top1cc and the hypersensitivity of SCAN1 cells to camptothecin are not affected by aphidicolin, we propose that Tdp1 is involved in the repair of Top1cc associated with transcription damage in SCAN1 cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Aphidicolin / pharmacology
  • Camptothecin / pharmacology*
  • Cell Line
  • DNA Repair*
  • DNA Replication / drug effects
  • DNA Topoisomerases, Type I / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases / metabolism*
  • Spinocerebellar Ataxias / genetics
  • Spinocerebellar Ataxias / metabolism*
  • Transcription, Genetic*


  • Aphidicolin
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases
  • tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase
  • DNA Topoisomerases, Type I
  • Camptothecin