5S rRNA sequences were determined for the green sulphur bacteria Chlorobium limicola, Chlorobium phaeobacteroides and Prosthecochloris aestuarii, for Thermomicrobium roseum, which is a relative of the green non-sulphur bacteria, and for Cytophaga aquatilis, Cytophaga heparina, Cytophaga johnsonae, Flavobacterium breve, Flexibacter sp. and Saprospira grandis, organisms allotted to the phylum 'Bacteroides-Cytophaga-Flavobacterium' and relatives as determined by 16S rRNA analyses. By using a clustering algorithm a dendrogram was constructed from these sequences and from all other known eubacterial 5S RNA sequences. The dendrogram showed differences, as well as similarities, with respect to results obtained by 16S RNA analyses. The 5S RNA sequences of green sulphur bacteria were closely related to one another, and to a cluster containing 5S RNA sequences from Bacteroides and its relatives, including Cytophaga aquatilis. 5S RNA sequences of all other representatives of the 'Bacteroides-Cytophaga-Flavobacterium' phylum as distinguished by 16S RNA analysis failed to group with Bacteroides and related clusters. On the basis of 5S RNA sequences, Thermomicrobium roseum clustered with Chloroflexus aurantiacus, as was expected from 16S RNA analysis.