Indwelling catheter and conservative measures in the treatment of abdominal compartment syndrome in fulminant acute pancreatitis

World J Gastroenterol. 2006 Aug 21;12(31):5068-70. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v12.i31.5068.


Aim: To study the effect of combined indwelling catheter, hemofiltration, respiration support and traditional Chinese medicine (e.g. Dahuang) in treating abdominal compartment syndrome of fulminant acute pancreatitis.

Methods: Patients with fulminant acute pancreatitis were divided randomly into 2 groups of combined indwelling catheter celiac drainage and intra-abdominal pressure monitoring and routine conservative measures group (group 1) and control group (group 2). Routine non-operative conservative treatments including hemofiltration, respiration support, gastrointestinal TCM ablution were also applied in control group patients. Effectiveness of the two groups was observed, and APACHE II scores were applied for analysis.

Results: On the second and fifth days after treatment, APACHE II scores of group 1 and 2 patients were significantly different. Comparison of effectiveness (abdominalgia and burbulence relief time, hospitalization time) between groups 1 and 2 showed significant difference, as well as incidence rates of cysts formation. Mortality rates of groups 1 and 2 were 10.0% and 20.7%, respectively. For patients in group 1, celiac drainage quantity and intra-abdominal pressure, and hospitalization time were positively correlated (r = 0.552, 0.748, 0.923, P<0.01) with APACHE II scores.

Conclusion: Combined indwelling catheter celiac drainage and intra-abdominal pressure monitoring, short veno-venous hemofiltration (SVVH), gastrointestinal TCM ablution, respiration support have preventive and treatment effects on abdominal compartment syndrome of fulminant acute pancreatitis.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Catheterization / methods
  • Catheters, Indwelling*
  • Compartment Syndromes / complications*
  • Compartment Syndromes / therapy*
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / complications*
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / therapy*
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Medicine, Chinese Traditional
  • Pancreatitis / complications*
  • Pancreatitis / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome