In this study we sought to evaluate sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated with decreased access to HIV outpatient care in a University-based clinic in the Southeastern U.S. The number of HIV outpatient clinic visits per person-year was estimated among 1,404 HIV-infected individuals participating in a large observational clinical cohort study. On average, participants attended 3.38 visits per person-year (95% CI = 3.32, 3.44), with 71% attending fewer than 4 visits per year. Younger persons, of Black race/ethnicity, with less advanced HIV disease, and a shorter time from entry to HIV care, had poorer access to care, as did participants without health insurance and residing a greater distance from care. Vulnerable subgroups of HIV-infected patients in the South have decreased access to ongoing HIV health care. Interventions including more intensive counseling and active outreach for newly HIV diagnosed individuals and support with obtaining health insurance and transportation may lead to improved outcomes.