Gene expression patterns in isolated keloid fibroblasts

Wound Repair Regen. 2006 Jul-Aug;14(4):463-70. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2006.00135.x.


Keloid scars after skin trauma are a significant clinical problem, especially in black populations, in which the incidence of keloids has been estimated at 4-16%. Keloids are abnormal dermal proliferative scars secondary to dysregulated wound healing. Despite several biochemical studies on the role of extracellular matrix proteins and growth factors during keloid formation, we still do not know what molecules and signals induce this change. Fibroblasts are thought to be the major inductive cell for keloid scar formation. The aim of this study was to identify gene expression patterns that characterize keloid fibroblasts; identifying such genetic disequilibrium may shed light on the molecular signaling events responsible for keloid formation. In this study, we performed gene expression analysis of fibroblasts isolated from keloid lesions from three individuals in comparison with the fibroblasts isolated from normal skin using the Affymetrix U133a chip (22,284 genes and expression sequence tags). We found through J5 test score expression analysis that among 22,284 genes, there were 43 genes that were overexpressed and five genes were underexpressed in keloid fibroblasts when compared with dermal fibroblasts from persons without keloids. The overexpression of three genes not previously reported as being up-regulated in keloids (annexin A2, Transgelin, and RPS18) was confirmed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Certain overexpressed genes were similar to previous biochemical observations on the protein levels of these overexpressed genes during keloid formation. We also report for the first time that a few tumor-related genes are overexpressed in keloid fibroblasts.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Annexin A2 / genetics
  • Annexin A2 / metabolism
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Female
  • Fibroblasts / physiology*
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Humans
  • Keloid / genetics*
  • Keloid / metabolism
  • Keloid / pathology*
  • Male
  • Microfilament Proteins / genetics
  • Microfilament Proteins / metabolism
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Proteins / genetics
  • Muscle Proteins / metabolism
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Ribosomal Proteins / genetics
  • Ribosomal Proteins / metabolism


  • ANXA2 protein, human
  • Annexin A2
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Muscle Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Ribosomal Proteins
  • ribosomal protein S18
  • transgelin