Characterization of hepatic drug-metabolizing activities of Bama miniature pigs (Sus scrofa domestica): comparison with human enzyme analogs

Comp Med. 2006 Aug;56(4):286-90.


We used various substrates and selective inhibitors of human cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozymes as probes to study the metabolism of liver microsomes from Chinese Bama miniature pigs. Nifedipine oxidation (NOD) and testosterone 6beta-hydroxylation (6beta-OHT) activities were similar between human liver microsomes and those from Bama miniature pigs. However, compared with those from humans, liver microsomes from Bama miniature pigs showed decreased phenacetin O-deethylation, coumarin 7-hydroxylation, and chlorzoxazone 6-hydroxylation activities, whereas dextromethorphan O-demethylation activity was increased. Ketoconazole selectively inhibited NOD and 6beta-OHT activities in microsomes from Bama pigs, and 8-methoxypsoralen and tranylcypromine inhibited coumarin 7-hydroxylation in pig microsomes. However, furafylline and quinidine failed to selectively inhibit phenacetin O-deethylation and dextromethorphan O-demethylation in microsomes from Bama pigs, whereas chlormethiazole more efficiently inhibited coumarin 7-hydroxylation activity than chlorzoxazone 6-hydroxylation in pig microsomes. Our results suggest that liver microsomes from Chinese Bama miniature pigs are similar to those from humans in regard to metabolism of nifedipine and testosterone (both are probe substrates for human CYP3A4). In addition, chemical inhibitors used as specific probes for human P450 enzymes did not always show the same selectivity toward corresponding enzyme activities in liver microsomes from Bama pigs. However, ketoconazole (a potent inhibitor of human CYP3A4) could be used as a selective inhibitor probe for the NOD and 6beta-OHT activities in liver microsomes from Chinese Bama miniature pigs.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Isoenzymes / metabolism
  • Male
  • Microsomes, Liver / drug effects
  • Microsomes, Liver / enzymology*
  • Species Specificity
  • Substrate Specificity / physiology
  • Swine
  • Swine, Miniature


  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Isoenzymes
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System