A dithio-coupled kinase and ATPase assay

J Biomol Screen. 2006 Oct;11(7):844-53. doi: 10.1177/1087057106292142. Epub 2006 Aug 30.


Kinases and ATPases produce adenosine diphosphate (ADP) as a common product, so an assay that detects ADP would provide a universal means for activity-based screening of enzymes in these families. Because it is known that most kinases accept ATPbetaS (sulfur on the beta-phosphorous) as a substrate in place of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the authors have developed a continuous assay using this substrate, with detection of the ADPbetaS product using dithio reagents. Such an assay is possible because dithio groups react selectively with ADPbetaS and not with ATPbetaS. Thiol detection was done using both Ellman's reagent (DTNB) and a recently developed fluorescent dithio reagent, DSSA. Therefore, the assay can be run in both absorbance and fluorescence detection modes. The assay was used to perform steady-state kinetic analyses of both hexokinase and myosin ATPase. It was also used to demonstrate the diastereoselectivity of hexokinase (R) and myosin ATPase (S) for the isomers of ATPbetaS, consistent with previous results. When run in fluorescence mode using a plate reader, an average Z' value of 0.54 was obtained, suggesting the assay is appropriate for high-throughput screening.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Diphosphate / chemistry
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / analysis
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Dithionitrobenzoic Acid / chemistry
  • Hexokinase / analysis
  • Hexokinase / metabolism*
  • Inhibitory Concentration 50
  • Kinetics
  • Mercaptoethanol / metabolism
  • Myosins / analysis*
  • Rabbits
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Stereoisomerism
  • Sulfhydryl Compounds / chemistry
  • Sulfhydryl Compounds / metabolism*
  • Swine


  • Sulfhydryl Compounds
  • Mercaptoethanol
  • Adenosine Diphosphate
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Dithionitrobenzoic Acid
  • Hexokinase
  • Myosins