Identification of chromosome intervals from 129 and C57BL/6 mouse strains linked to the development of systemic lupus erythematosus

Genes Immun. 2006 Oct;7(7):592-9. doi: 10.1038/sj.gene.6364335. Epub 2006 Aug 31.


Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease in which complex interactions between genes and environmental factors determine the disease phenotype. We have shown that genes from the non-autoimmune strains 129 and C57BL/6 (B6), commonly used for generating gene-targeted animals, can induce a lupus-like disease. Here, we conducted a genome-wide scan analysis of a cohort of (129 x B6)F2 C1q-deficient mice to identify loci outside the C1qa locus contributing to the autoimmune phenotype described in these mice. The results were then confirmed in a larger dataset obtained by combining the data from the C1q-deficient mice with data from previously reported wild-type mice. Both analyses showed that a 129-derived interval on distal chromosome 1 is strongly linked to autoantibody production. The B6 genome contributed to anti-nuclear autoantibody production with an interval on chromosome 3. Two regions were linked to glomerulonephritis: a 129 interval on proximal chromosome 7 and a B6 interval on chromosome 13. These findings demonstrate that interacting loci between 129 and B6 mice can cause the expression of an autoimmune phenotype in gene-targeted animals in the absence of any disrupted gene. They also indicate that some susceptibility genes can be inherited from the genome of non-autoimmune parental strains.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Antinuclear / biosynthesis
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Complement C1q / deficiency
  • Complement C1q / genetics
  • Female
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / genetics*
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / immunology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Phenotype
  • Quantitative Trait Loci
  • Species Specificity


  • Antibodies, Antinuclear
  • Complement C1q