Background & aims: Adiponectin, an adipose tissue-derived hormone, exhibits anti-inflammatory properties and has various biological functions, such as increasing insulin sensitivity, reducing hypertension, and suppressing atherosclerosis, liver fibrosis, and tumor growth. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of adiponectin on intestinal inflammation.
Methods: We investigated the effect of adiponectin on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis by using adiponectin-knockout (APN-KO) mice and an adenovirus-mediated adiponectin expression system. We also examined the contribution of adiponectin deficiency to trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis. In vitro, we examined the effect of adiponectin on intestinal epithelial cells.
Results: After administration of 0.5% DSS for 15 days, APN-KO mice developed much more severe colitis compared with wild-type mice. The messenger RNA expression levels of chemokines were significantly higher in the colonic tissues of DSS-treated APN-KO mice compared with wild-type mice, accompanied by increased cellular infiltration, including macrophages. Adenovirus-mediated supplementation of adiponectin significantly attenuated the severity of colitis, but there were no differences in the severity of TNBS-induced colitis between the 2 groups. Adiponectin receptors were expressed in intestinal epithelial cells, and adiponectin inhibited lipopolysaccharide-induced interleukin-8 production in intestinal epithelial cells.
Conclusions: Adiponectin is protective against DSS-induced murine colitis, probably due to the inhibition of chemokine production in intestinal epithelial cells and the following inflammatory responses, including infiltration of macrophages and release of proinflammatory cytokines.