Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2006 Aug;17(3):677-95, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2006.05.004.


Soccer has rules, regulations, and a style of play that is unlike any other sport. The characteristics of soccer, along with required functional activities, obviously place a significant demand on the physical and technical skills of each athlete. Consequently, many of the patterns of injuries and medical problems are unique. This article describes the physical demands of soccer; reviews the epidemiology; and discusses the mechanisms, pathologic findings, and treatment of soccer-related injuries and medical problems.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Craniocerebral Trauma / etiology*
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / physiopathology
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / prevention & control
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Leg Injuries / etiology*
  • Leg Injuries / physiopathology
  • Leg Injuries / therapy
  • Male
  • Soccer / injuries*
  • Sports Medicine / methods
  • Sports Medicine / trends