Constitutional Complex Chromosomal Rearrangements (CCRs) are very rare. While the vast majority of CCRs involve more than one chromosome, only seven cases describe CCRs with four or more breakpoints within a single chromosome. Here, we present a patient with multiple congenital anomalies and mental retardation. Array Comparative Genomic Hybridisation (array CGH), FISH and Multicolour Banding FISH revealed a de novo complex rearrangement with two deletions, a duplication and an inversion of 4q. This CCR involving at least seven breakpoints is one of the most complex rearrangements of a single chromosome reported thus far. Potential mechanisms generating such complex rearrangements are discussed.
Copyright 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.