Effect of a qigong exercise programme on elderly with depression

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2006 Sep;21(9):890-7. doi: 10.1002/gps.1582.


Objectives: This report released findings of a randomized controlled trial conducted in Hong Kong to further our understanding of the psychosocial effects of qigong on elderly persons with depression.

Design: Eighty-two participants with a diagnosis of depression or obvious features of depression were recruited and randomly assigned into the intervention and comparison group. The intervention group was given a 16-week period of Qigong practice while the comparison group participated in a newspaper reading group with same duration and frequency.

Results: After eight weeks of qigong practice, the intervention group participants outstripped themselves in improvement in mood, self-efficacy and personal well being, and physical and social domains of self-concept when compared with comparison subjects. After 16 weeks of practice, the improvement generalized to the daily task domain of the self-concept.

Conclusions: This report shows that regular qigong practice could relieve depression, improve self-efficacy and personal well being among elderly persons with chronic physical illness and depression.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Affect
  • Aged
  • Breathing Exercises*
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Depressive Disorder / rehabilitation*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Exercise Movement Techniques / methods
  • Female
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Psychometrics
  • Self Concept
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Treatment Outcome