Renal lithiasis and nutrition

Nutr J. 2006 Sep 6;5:23. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-5-23.

Abstract

Renal lithiasis is a multifactorial disease. An important number of etiologic factors can be adequately modified through diet, since it must be considered that the urine composition is directly related to diet. In fact, the change of inappropriate habitual diet patterns should be the main measure to prevent kidney stones. In this paper, the relation between different dietary factors (liquid intake, pH, calcium, phosphate, oxalate, citrate, phytate, urate and vitamins) and each type of renal stone (calcium oxalate monohydrate papillary, calcium oxalate monohydrate unattached, calcium oxalate dihydrate, calcium oxalate dihydrate/hydroxyapatite, hydroxyapatite, struvite infectious, brushite, uric acid, calcium oxalate/uric acid and cystine) is discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Calcium Oxalate
  • Calcium Phosphates
  • Cystine
  • Diet
  • Diet, Vegetarian / adverse effects
  • Dietary Proteins / adverse effects
  • Drinking
  • Durapatite
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Kidney Calculi* / chemistry
  • Kidney Calculi* / etiology
  • Kidney Calculi* / prevention & control
  • Magnesium Compounds
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
  • Phosphates
  • Sodium Chloride, Dietary / adverse effects
  • Struvite
  • Uric Acid

Substances

  • Calcium Phosphates
  • Dietary Proteins
  • Magnesium Compounds
  • Phosphates
  • Sodium Chloride, Dietary
  • Calcium Oxalate
  • Uric Acid
  • Cystine
  • Durapatite
  • Struvite
  • calcium phosphate, dibasic, dihydrate