Ewing's Sarcoma (ES), the second most frequent bone tumor in childhood and adolescence, and the probably closely related peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor (pPNET) share a unique cytogenetic translocation between chromosomes 11 and 22. Both of them expose high amounts of a glycoprotein on their cell surface, which can be specifically detected by the mAb HBA-71. The cDNA coding for the HBA-71 antigen was isolated by screening a cDNA expression library constructed from a pPNET-derived cell line. Nucleotide sequencing revealed the HBA-71 antigen to be the product of the pseudoautosomal gene MIC2 previously identified by the mAb 12E7 in haematopoietic cells. This antigen is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of about 29,000 and is expressed in low amounts in most human cell lines and probably normal tissues and tumors with only a few exceptions. In T-cells the antigen is involved in cell adhesion processes. In ES- and pPNET-derived cell lines MIC2 expression is significantly enhanced. No gross changes in posttranslational modification could be observed. The high expression results in easy and specific detection of the antigen in immunocytochemical analysis of paraffin embedded tissue sections making HBA-71 a useful tool in tumor diagnosis.