Purpose: This study was performed to investigate the role of injection methods and conditions under a fixed dose of radiographic contrast medium (CM) in respect to promoting blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption.
Materials and methods: A total of 44 white rabbits (average body weight 2.7 +/- 0.4 kg) were used, and their carotid injection was performed with nonionic CM. The variables assessed for the carotid injections included the following: iodine content (300 or 150 mg I/ml), liquid temperature (37 degrees or 24 degrees C), and the injection time duration (1 or 30 s). The rabbits were divided into five groups. To evaluate BBB disruption, pre- and post-contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) studies were performed.
Results: Abnormal enhancement of the brain parenchyma in MRI was noted in only one group, which consisted of high-iodine concentration CM injected at a low temperature over a short injection interval. Statistically significant increased values for the percentage of relative enhancement (RE%) were demonstrated (P < 0.05) in comparison with the saline-injected control group.
Conclusion: This result suggests variables that may need to be carefully considered to prevent BBB injury induced by nonionic CM for cerebral angiography, especially in the setting of a neurointerventional procedure.