Rab14 localizes to the Golgi/TGN and to early endosomes, but its biological function remains unclear. By structural modeling, we identified Rab14-specific residues and established a close relationship between the Rab2/Rab4/Rab14, Rab11/25 and Rab39 sub-groups within the Rab protein family. By quantitative confocal microscopy and by density centrifugation we show that Rab14 is part of the early endosomal AP-1 microdomain. Overexpression of a dominant-negative Rab14 GTP-binding mutant that solely localizes to the Golgi donor compartment accelerated EGF degradation. We suggest that the AP-1 microdomain represents the interconnecting compartment in which Rab14 vesicles cycle between early endosomes and the Golgi cisternae.