Risk factors for the development of emotional and behavioural problems in children born to drug-dependent mothers

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2006 Dec;15(8):460-6. doi: 10.1007/s00787-006-0568-x. Epub 2006 Sep 8.


Background: The study of biological and psychosocial risk factors for the development of emotional and behavioural problems in children of drug-dependent mothers.

Methods: In a sample of 52 children and drug-dependent mothers participating in a residential intervention programme emotional and behavioural problems were studied in the children by use of the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL). The Symptom-Checklist Revised (SCL-90-R) served to assess mental problems in the mother. Drug exposure during pregnancy, various psychosocial risk factors due to the drug-career, and educational status of the mother were assessed by maternal interview. A brief assessment of intelligence of the mother was included.

Results: Among the various biological and psychosocial risk factors, maternal mental health problems, maternal educational status, and a small number of close social relationships correlated significantly with child outcome variables. Multiple regression analyses identified maternal mental health factors as the main predictors of child behaviour.

Conclusions: Assisting drug-dependent mothers in overcoming the psychosocial sequelae of drug abuse implies also assistance to the children in terms of prevention of emotional and behavioural problems.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Affective Symptoms / etiology*
  • Affective Symptoms / psychology
  • Child
  • Child of Impaired Parents / psychology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / etiology*
  • Mental Disorders / psychology
  • Mothers*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / etiology
  • Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
  • Risk Factors
  • Substance-Related Disorders*