A rapid, sensitive and selective method was developed and validated using LC/MS/MS for determination of MS-275 in human plasma. Sample preparation involved a single step liquid-liquid extraction by the addition of 0.2 ml of plasma with 5 ml acetonitrile/n-butyl-chloride. Separation of the compounds of interest, including the internal standard paclitaxel, was achieved on a Waters X-Terra C(18) (50 mm x 2.1mm i.d., 3.5 microm) analytical column using a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile/ammonium acetate (pH 2.9; 2mM)(60:40, v/v) containing 0.1% formic acid and isocratic flow at 0.15 ml/min for 3 min. The analytes were monitored by tandem-mass spectrometry with electrospray positive ionization. Linear calibration curves were generated over the range of 0.5-100 ng/ml with values for the coefficient of determination of >0.99. The values for both within day and between day precision and accuracy were well within the generally accepted criteria for analytical methods (<15%). This method was subsequently used to measure concentrations of MS-275 in cancer patients receiving an oral weekly dose of 4 mg/m(2).