Partial trisomy 18 with minimal anomalies: lack of correspondence between phenotypic manifestations and triplicated loci along chromosome 18

Am J Med Genet. 1990 Aug;36(4):506-10. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.1320360427.


A 2-year-old boy with microcephaly, developmental delay, and minimal anomalies was found to have an extra submetacentric chromosome equivalent to 18pter----q12. Review of the phenotypes produced by various triplicated 18 regions supports the hypothesis that no one chromosome 18 region is sufficient to produce the phenotype of trisomy 18. The mild phenotype of trisomy 18p, the variable phenotype of trisomy 18pter----q12, and the discontinuous phenotype of triplication for band 18q12 alone emphasizes that the contribution of triplicated loci to the phenotype is neither additive nor invariant.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18*
  • Developmental Disabilities / genetics
  • Humans
  • Karyotyping
  • Male
  • Microcephaly / genetics
  • Phenotype
  • Trisomy*